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Adolescence .. its types, signs and effects

All parents suffer from difficulty dealing with adolescents, and to know how we can deal with them properly, we must first understand the stage of adolescence, which is defined as the stage between childhood and adulthood and extends between 12 to 21 years, and its beginning and end may differ from person to person, and from society to another And according to the environment and the circumstances surrounding the person, and by gender, the female generally reaches puberty and matures before the male.

Adolescence (phases, signs, types, and influences)

Adolescence phases:

Psychologists have divided the stages of adolescence into several sections, taking into account the differences between societies.

The first phase from (11-14) years:

It is characterized by rapid biological changes in body shape, mental thinking, emotions, emotion, and social relationships.

The second phase of (14-17) years:

In this stage the biological changes continue until almost complete.

The third phase from (approximately 17-21):

And in it, the person transformed into an adult human in form and behavior.

Signs of entering adolescence:

Signs appear when a person indicates that he or she has entered adolescence

1- sexual maturity:

Such as the start of menstruation in females, increase in testicle size, and the growth of pubic hair in males.

2- physical changes:

As height increases, voice changes tone, and signs of femininity and masculinity appear.

3- psychological changes:

As the hormonal and physical changes cause a teenager some disturbances of negative and positive feelings, annoyance and fear.

Types of adolescence:

It is not necessary for all teens to go through the same type of adolescence, there are different signs of adolescence, which we have broken down to make it easier for us to understand.

1- Adaptive or adaptive adolescence:

In it, the teenager is calm, emotionally stable and free of tension and emotion, and his social relations with his family, neighbors and friends, and at school, are good and kind.

2- Aggressive or Rebellious Adolescence:

In it, the teenager is rebellious against the parents (parents or one of them only), and tends to assert himself and impose his personality and opinion, and his aggressive behavior is visible and direct and tends to harm, or is content with stubbornness without harm.

3- troubled adolescence:

In it, adolescents tend to do contradictory behaviors, be confused, and act according to the behavior and direction that society dictates in accordance with the prevailing (fashion). A social person often goes through this type of adolescence.

4- Perverted adolescence:

It represents both the withdrawn and aggressive forms.

Effects of adolescence:

This stage affects the life of the teenager until he is almost completely different from what he was in childhood, and we can divide these effects into three levels

- On the physical level:

The rapid physical changes that accompany the stage of adolescence make the teenager increase in interest in his new form, and he is very concerned about these sudden changes in growth, and he is overly sensitive to criticism on the form (appearance) by others.

- On the mental level:

As for intelligence, it grows naturally and orderly at the age of twelve, after which individual differences appear in the early adolescence period, which is the period of the emergence of capabilities for each person.
As for attention and observation at this stage, the ability to pay attention and comprehend things increases further and becomes more able to think, analyze and remember.

- On the social level:

This is related to the socialization on the one hand and the maturity of the person on the other hand, and there are some social aspects that we see in the adolescent.
His tendency to the opposite sex.
He becomes more self-confident and tries to assert himself.
- He becomes more able to perceive the social relations between himself and other people, and touches his interaction with them.
- He becomes able to expand the circle of social interaction, expand the circle of his social activity, and is aware of his rights and duties.

Prepared Ayoush Rahmow

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