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Six Thinking Hats, How to use it

The Six Thinking Hats

The six thinking hats represent different ways of thinking, and it is a technique used to deal with problems and decisions from different points of view (i.e., different ways of thinking) in a better, more accurate and objective manner. And in a way that makes him closer to her.

How to use the Six Thinking Hats

Each hat represents a color and each color represents a specific way of thinking, which is used individually or with the group. When looking at a topic, the hats exchange and thus exchange methods of thinking and roles, which makes the consideration of situations more comprehensive and accurate.

The six hats are:

White hat:

An objective and neutral way of thinking that uses numbers, facts and information. With this hat, the focus is on the available data, and it is expressed through the following questions:

What kind of information do we have? What kind of information do we need? What information is missing? How can we get the information we need? What kind of questions should be asked?

Yellow hat:

A positive, optimistic, clear, effective and constructive way of thinking, with this hat the focus is on the positive and valuable aspects of any topic, and it is expressed through the following questions:

What's the best aspect of this? What are its advantages? Who can benefit from this? How can these advantages be highlighted?

Red Hat:

A way of thinking that depends on emotion, doubts and intuition, with this hat the focus is on the emotional side and feelings towards any topic, and it is expressed through the following questions:

How do I feel about this topic? What is his opinion of it?

Black hat:

A pessimistic, contemptuous, dark and negative way of thinking, and what is most attentive to it is the negative points of a topic and the dangers that exist in it, and it is expressed through the following questions:

What are the negative points of this matter? What are the risks of dealing with this topic?

Green hat:

A creative, productive and innovative way of thinking, which is based on finding new, unfamiliar solutions and recommendations, and is expressed through the following questions:

What are some new ideas on this topic? What is interesting about this idea? What are the differences in these ideas? Where will this take me? What is the effect of moving this idea forward? When I compare this idea to what I know, what happens?

Blue hat:

It represents an organized and disciplined way of thinking. Its role is to place all the used hats in one row and summarize the results that have been achieved and obtained, and it is expressed through the following questions:

What should we do next? What have we achieved so far? What must be done to achieve more?

There are two ways to use the Six Thinking Hats with an interactive activity:

First: everyone wears the same hat, choose one of the hats and ask everyone to contribute to the discussion from that hat’s point of view so that each of the six hats is used to discuss a particular issue.

Second: Or that each of them wears a different hat and the topic is discussed from multiple points of view. All hats need to contribute adequately to the discussion. Hats can be switched during the discussion between individuals, allowing them to look at the issue differently.

The technique was first published in Edward de Bono's Six Thinking Hats in 1985.

Hats divide the conversation into focused chunks that can be done one by one (i.e. hat by hat), there is no correct order for the hat that comes first or last, but it may be easier to use the following sequence: white, red, yellow, black, green, blue And the use of these hats may seem artificial at first, but once you practice this technique several times, you have the advantage and skill of using several ways of thinking about one topic, if the hats are not suitable for the situation, then you only need to use T-shirts, colored cards, badges, or even pens. Colorful to distinguish moving from one to the other, and remember the hats complement each other.


To expand on the topic, you can download the book Six Thinking Hats of Edward De Bono by clicking here

Prepared by Tala Hourani

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