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What is the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and how important is it around the world?

the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and how important is it around the world - AWRAQ
After nearly ten years of consultations, negotiations and discussions between members of human rights committees representing almost all countries of the world, a beautiful agreement came out to the world that tries to guarantee children their rights and protection, and that was in 1989 when a number of member states met in the United Nations Council to ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

International Convention on the Rights of the Child

The Convention on the Rights of the Child defined a more precise definition of the child and changed the prevailing view at that time that children belong to their parents, not their decision or opinion, to that they are human beings with rights of their own, and societies and authorities must respect and secure them as much as possible.

Who is the child according to the Convention on the Rights of the Child:

The agreement defines that a child is any human being under the age of eighteen, and the stage of childhood is separate from the stage of adulthood, and this stage must be protected and that children in it must enjoy their basic rights such as the right to grow, live in dignity, secure food and health care, the right to learn and develop to their fullest potential. Play and entertainment, the right to participation and freedom of expression.

Importance of  the Convention on the Rights of the Child:

This agreement had the largest number of ratifications from member states in history, as the number of ratifications (signatories to abide by it) reached (196) countries so far despite all the problems and conflicts between these countries!

This agreement led to a change in the laws and legislation of most of the countries ratifying it in order to comply with what is stipulated in the standards of this agreement, which resulted in significant development and improvement in dealing with children, respecting and securing their rights, and working to create an appropriate environment for the development of their skills and capabilities. Statistics refer, for example, to Decreased infant mortality, and high school enrollment rates since the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989.

What are the principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child:

The raters agreed on basic principles of this agreement, which are:

  • Non-discrimination.
  • Ensuring the best interest of the child as a primary consideration in all behavior involving children.
  • The inherent right of the child to life, and the obligation of states parties to ensure the survival and development of the child to the maximum extent possible.
  • The child's right to express his views freely in all matters that affect him, and to respect these views.

What are the differences in the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child around the world?

It is excellent to hear about children enjoying their full rights and more in a number of developed countries, and it is very sad to see that there are children in developing countries who enjoy only an insufficient part, and some of them do not enjoy any of their rights! The differences are very wide in the extent of application of the Convention Child rights among the ratifying countries. The reason for the failure to implement this agreement ideally in many countries is due to a number of influencing factors such as wars and conflicts, poverty and famines, widespread ignorance, and the spread of corruption in state institutions...

How is this agreement implemented and what are the most important bodies and organizations that contribute to this:

In addition to the mission of governmental institutions in implementing this convention, there are many non-governmental organizations and local associations that are interested in and trying to help implement the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF - UNICEF) is the most important and largest of these organizations as it is the main body entrusted with the tasks of protecting The child is everywhere by the international community represented by the United Nations and the Human Rights Council.

- In addition to UNICEF, there are, as we said, many non-governmental organizations that work in the fields of humanitarian work in conflict and conflict areas with humanitarian work, including the field of child protection, and among these humanitarian organizations we mention:

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

International Labour Organization (ILO).

Red Crescent Organization.

Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA).

Save The Children.

Action Against Hunger.

Danish Refugee Council (DRC).

International Committee of the Red Cross.

Premiere Urgence International (PU).

Terre des Hommes (TDH).

French Islamic Secours (SIF).

Human Rights Watch.

Oxfam international.

Triangle Organization (TGH).

The International Cooperation Organization (COOPI), and other organizations..

- In addition to these international organizations, many local associations, movements and initiatives work for the rights of the child and protect him from risks with its limited capabilities or with partnership contracts with the aforementioned organizations, specifically in developing and crisis-affected countries such as Syria, Yemen, Myanmar, Iraq, Central Africa, Sudan, Somalia, and Ukraine...

Finally and always, we hope that all the children of the world will find a safe place to live in with dignity, obtain their basic rights and not be exposed to any threat to their life or their ambitions and development.

Prepared by Aram Saadia



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