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The treasure of the golden king Tutankhamun

The treasure of the golden king Tutankhamun - AWRAQ Community Papers

The Egyptian Pharaoh whose tomb was left standing without damage or theft For more than three thousand years 

Who is Tutankhamun:

He is one of the pharaohs of the eighteenth dynasty, and he is the son of King Akhenaten, who ruled Egypt between 1334 - 1325 B.C. And historians believe that he was assassinated.

The fame of this pharaoh was not due to achievements related to wars or construction during his relatively short reign, but because of his tomb, which was completely discovered without damage or theft.

Tomb of Tutankhamun:

The tomb of Tutankhamun was located in the Cemetery of the Valley of the Kings in Luxor (Thebes in the old days), which was the capital of most of the pharaohs at the time.

His tomb was discovered in 1922 by the British archaeologist Howard Carter and his team, and this archaeological event is one of the most important discoveries in the world.

Work on building the tomb of the Pharaoh would take decades, and usually begins days after his inauguration as King of Egypt. Workers use simple tools like a hammer and chisel to dig furrows and carve and build burial chambers.

The main reason for the preservation of Tutankhamun’s tomb is the construction of another pharaoh’s tomb above his tomb, which led to the clogging of the corridors leading to Tutankhamun’s tomb and thus ancient tomb robbers could not reach the burial chamber.

Archaeologist Howard Carter was the first to enter the tomb more than 3000 years ago, which contains the pharaoh’s sarcophagus and other important and beautiful objects.

The Golden Mask Of Tutankhamun - AWRAQ
The Golden Mask Of Tutankhamun

The mummy:

The mummy of the pharaoh is located in a large wooden box with golden inscriptions, inside which contains a second box decorated with gilded inscriptions, which in turn contains a third box inlaid with gold, inside which contains a stone sarcophagus whose cover is carved in the form of a statue of Tutankhamun, under this cover is the main golden coffin that was carved In the form of a statue of the pharaoh, this coffin also contained within it two other golden sarcophagi in the form of Tutankhamun, and inside the third golden sarcophagus there is the mummy of Tutankhamun wrapped in layers of silk, which covers the body of the young king and he is fully decorated with crown, ring, necklaces and stick, all of gold.

The significance of Tutankhamun's discovered treasures:

The importance is due to a number of reasons that make the tomb of King Tutankhamun the focus of attention of many archaeologists, researchers and interested parties:

- The discovered tomb is the most complete royal treasure found in Egypt and even the world, as it contains 385 pieces, the most important of which is the amazing golden mask, and three coffins in the form of a human being, one of which is of pure gold and two of gilded wood, and the throne is the only one that reached us from the Pharaohs civilization. In addition to many daily life items such as toys and games, a set of finished furniture, war tools and equipment, statues of gods related to the burial rites of the king, two horns, one of which is made of silver, the most famous and the other of copper, and the head of a gilded cow.

- This great treasure tells researchers and historians a lot about how the king was buried and the tomb was prepared to receive it, and then the measures taken in an attempt to preserve the mummy in particular and other possessions in general.

- This archaeological discovery provided a lot of information about one of the most important Pharaonic families, the eighteenth dynasty to which Tutankhamun belonged, which was famous for its military campaigns in the Near East, expanding its commercial relations and developing crafts and arts.

From this large collection of personal belongings of Tutankhamun, researchers were able to know many details of the young king's life, such as his love for hunting, his relationship with his wife, who is believed to be one of his relatives, in addition to knowing his most important achievements, and information about the entourage of the royal palace.

A mummy and one of Tutankhamun's coffins - AWRAQ
A mummy and one of Tutankhamun's coffins

* It remains to be mentioned that the king's mummy and most of the tomb's possessions are present today in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, and some are still in the Luxor Museum near the Cemetery of the Valley of the Kings, and others are smuggled out of Egypt, unfortunately..

Prepared by Aram Saadia



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